Diabetes type 2 is considered the most common form of diabetes. It’s a chronic illness where blood sugar or glucose remains higher than normal. The good thing is that treatment is available for people who suffer from this condition, though they may not show symptoms in their early stages. Maintaining an active lifestyle is just one way of keeping the illness in check. In line with that, this article gives useful information about the condition, plus how it can be treated.
Type 2 diabetes treatment and causes
Type 2 diabetes is related to a special hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas by a special kind of cell known as beta cell. For blood sugar to move into the cells, insulin must play a role to achieve this. Once the glucose or sugar is inside the cells, it’s stored and converted to energy.
When one has this type of diabetes, their liver, fat and muscle cells don’t respond well to insulin. This is what doctors call insulin resistance, where glucose does not get into cells to be converted into energy. The consequences is that a high level of sugar will build up in the blood stream because it cannot get into the cells. This is known as hyperglycemia
This type of diabetes occurs gradually over time, and most people who are diagnosed of it are often overweight. When your body is made up of excess fat, it becomes impossible for insulin to get absorbed correctly into the cells. But this type of diabetes also occur in people who are thin, particularly the elderly.
Family history as well as genetics may also play a role in whether you get it or not. Poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive fat around the waist area may also cause type diabetes.
People who seek Type 2 diabetes treatment show the following symptoms
These people may not show symptoms in their early stages. But when they occur, they manifest in form of infections that affect the kidney, bladder, and skin. They also develop hunger and fatigue, increased urination and increased thirst. Other symptoms that have been associated with this ailment include erectile dysfunction, blurred vision and pain/numbness in the feet.
Type 2 diabetes treatment that is available
The main goal is to lower the level of blood sugar. To achieve this, one has to embrace proper nutrition and exercise. In fact, learning how to cope with it will make you live well with it. The skills trained will help to prevent health problems from occurring, hence there is no need for medicare all the time. Skills taught may include the following:
1 How to take data of your blood sugar
2 How to take medication if there’s need to
3 How to eat
4 How to recolonize low or high blood sugar level
5 Where to find diabetes supplies and where to store them
These skills can take several months to learn. This calls for individuals to stay updated in accordance with the current research and treatments available.
Taking note of your blood sugar level will let you know how to manage it well because you have the data with you. To monitor your diabetes level, you need to use a device called a glucose meter. It involves obtaining a sample of blood from your finger by pricking it using a special needle called a lancet. Once the blood is put on the test strip, it can be tested using the glucose meter. The meter in turn gives results based on the level of glucose present in the blood at the time.
Type 2 diabetes treatment and what you should keep in mind when managing it
Your doctor will give you a target range in which you need to monitor your results. In most cases, people who suffer from this type of diabetes only need to monitor their blood sugar once or twice a day. If the blood sugar present is normal or under control, then you may only need to check it a few times a week. Tests can be done in the morning, before meals and just before you retire to bed. Lastly, you may want to test yourself when under stress or when you’re not feeling well.
Diet, weight control and regular exercise may help keep your type 2 diabetes in check. You need to work closely with your doctor and nutritionist to know just how much carbohydrates, proteins and fats you need. Again, your diet should fit your lifestyle and habits, which is to say that it should include foods that you like.