Diabetes is a type of disease that may lead to various complications from diseases that caused to the death. This disease can affect anyone, regardless of age and gender. Blood sugar levels are not controlled, because of this disease. It is important to check the patient’s blood sugar levels regularly. To check your blood pressure from being exposed the complications of diabetes mellitus.
There are 3 kinds of type of acute complications of diabetes mellitus, the diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperosmolar hyperglycemic (SHH), and hypoglycemia. To patients diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar (SHH), the patient’s blood glucose concentration are very high, and the condition of the patient is usually unconscious. Because of the high mortality rate, then the patient should be immediately taken to the hospital to get better handling. Patients hypoglycemia, also unconscious, but this type of patient has a low blood glucose concentration. Several things can cause the patient suffering from hypoglycemia, because the patients taking take medicine too much (usually a sulfonylurea) or inject too much insulin. There are times when the patient is not eating after taking take medicine or injecting insulin.
Some of the hypoglycemia Symptoms are a lot of sweating, heart pounding, shaking, hunger, dizziness, nervous, sometimes passing out into a coma. If the patient condition is awake, give it sweet drinks containing glucose or sugar immediately. If the patient’s condition does not improve or even patient passing out, immediately taken to the hospital. Uncontrolled Diabetes mellitus for a long time will cause damage to blood vessels and neural. Damaged blood vessels are divided into two types, vena and artey. Some of the damage that occurs in large blood vessels such as: blood vessels to the heart, will lead to coronary heart and sudden heart attack. And the damage for the peripheral blood vessels, especially legs, will cause ischemic injury to the foot. Damage The blood vessels of the brain, will be able to cause stroke. The Damage in small blood vessels (microangiopathy) such as retinal vein can make us blind. Otherwise, damage utilized to the renal vasculature, causing diabetic nephropathy.
Neural is most frequently damaged peripheral nervous, which causes feelings of numbness in our finger. The numbness usually happens to legs, diabetes mellitus patient often does not realize that his leg injured. So that the wound so worse (foot ulcers) some necessary amputation. Patients with peripheral nerve damaged, it must taught how to care the right foot, to reduce injuries and amputation. Normal people calluses occur to some point, but in patients with diabetes mellitus spread calluses can happens more quickly. And when the injury occurs, the patient will not be aware of it.
Method of treatment of diabetes mellitus absolutely does not exist. This disease can only be prevented or at least slow the progression of existing complications. By controlling blood sugar, as much as possible to normal. Control blood pressure, to prevent damage to the eyes, kidneys and cardiovascular system. And control cholesterol to prevent heart disease. And there are things that we never forget regulars exercise. And often talk with her doctor will help reduce this disease. Method of treatment ofcomplications of diabetes mellitus absolutely does not exist. This disease can only be prevented or at least slow the progression of existing complications. By controlling blood sugar. Control blood pressure, to prevent damage to the eyes, kidneys and cardiovascular system. And control cholesterol to prevent heart disease. And there are things that we never forget regular exercise. And often talk with her doctor would help alleviate this disease.