Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women, during the 24 and 28 weeks of gestation (pregnancy).
Reports according to US Department of Health and Human Services state that out of 100 women, about 3 to 8 of them experience this type of diabetes.
Fatal for the Baby, and the Mother too
It is very typical for a pregnant woman to witness a slight upsurge in sugar level, especially after a meal, but when the level gets too high, the baby might be in real danger.
In simple terms, gestational diabetes is when sugar level in a pregnant woman increases above normal level.
Here, a baby is likely to grow larger. This increases chances of complications birth injury or delivery through C-section. An even worse situation – God forbid – the baby could be lost.
The 3 to 5 percent of women witnessing gestational diabetes symptoms are mainly those characterized with the following:
- Have a family background of diabetes
- Get pregnant after 30 years of age
- Suffer from obesity or are overweight
- Have been established to have lots of amniotic fluid
- Have a history of gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies
Now, the gestational diabetes symptoms can go unnoticed. Thus, it is important to regularly visit a doctor for necessary tests.
So let’s have a look at the indicators of gestational diabetes.
1. Increased Urination
The fact that a pregnant woman pees a lot, it simply means that insulin regulation in her body is not correct. That is, the body system may not be working well.
In such a situation, the body is building so much sugar in the blood, which then spills into the urine. This absorbs water to dilute the sugar, and in turn causes her bladder to be filled up.
This whole imbalance is triggered by a pregnant woman’s hormonal changes, which affects the insulin. Such hormonal changes are mainly seen during the 24th and 28th week, or the fifth and sixth months.
2. Weight Gain
When it comes to gestational diabetes symptoms, the insulin is the pedestal. Therefore, if affected by the hormonal changes, then a number of changes in the body are witnessed. Weight gain is one such transformation.
First, the weight gain could be because of the baby. It could also be that the baby is gaining weight, and not the woman carrying the baby. This means that very little of insulin crosses the placenta as much as other nutrients do, such as glucose.
When extra glucose passes the placenta, the baby’s sugar level increases. This additional energy that the baby gets is stored as fat, hence resulting to Macrosomia, or Fat Baby Syndrome.
The condition is dangerous, and could harm both the mother and the baby – like breathing problems for the bay during or after birth.
3. Blurry Vision
Just like most (if not all) organs, the eyes need water to function. This prompts the body to crave for lots of water, which is another gestational diabetes symptom. Now, if the water is not enough, the eyes get pushed out of shape.
This means the pregnant woman cannot have a clear vision. At first, this may seem like one of those unimportant effects of high blood sugar, but this symptom could cost your baby’s life.
Other gestational diabetes symptoms include:
- Eating at all times, and always feeling hungry. This is because the woman’s body cells lack the capability of absorbing glucose, thus the cells are starved.
- Always feeling fatigued and tired. Muscle and fat cells are not getting any fuel in terms of glucose hence no energy is produced.
- Vaginal infections – little beasties in the body (such as yeast, fungus, etc.) love lots of sugar. And since sugar is plenty in the blood, the beasties feast on them.
Some of the symptoms are common with pregnant (like urinating a lot, eating more). This does not always mean that a woman is having gestational diabetes.
With regular checkups and intense tests, particularly halfway the pregnancy, gestational diabetes symptoms could be noticed earlier and carefully dealt with, to avoid any further complications.