Health might be one of the most precious things that you have in this life. It’s very important for you to keep your body healthy by consuming healthy foods and exercising regularly. On the other hand, you also might need to know about various health problems and diseases as well so that you could prevent them or find the best solution to treat them. There are various types of diseases that you could find these days. One of them is mesothelioma. According to its histological cell types, mesothelioma could be categorized into three main types, epithelioid, biphasic, and sarcomatoid. Among those three, sarcomatoid mesothelioma is the least common one but also the most aggressive as well. This type of tumor usually develops on pleura or protective lining of lung.
The Characteristics of Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma
There are several main characteristics of this type of tumor that you might need to know. Just like any other mesothelioma cases, sarcomatoid mesothelioma is also linked with asbestos exposure as well. Compared to the other two, this type of tumor is considered as the one that is more resistant to the treatment. This type of tumor is composed of large sized spindle shaped cells that could be found in fibrous bundle. Other main characteristic of this type of tumor is that it appears as lesions or nodules. This type of tumor might have effusion as well and rarely appears as localized mass.
Variants of Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma
Basically, sarcomatoid mesothelioma is considered as the type of tumor that could be difficult to diagnose. The reason that this type of tumor is difficult to diagnose is that because this type of tumor has several types of variant. These variants might show different characteristics and cell structures. There are three types of variants that are found so far. They are transitional mesothelioma, lymphohisticytoid mesothelioma, and desmoplastic mesothelioma.
Since sarcomatoid mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose, doctors might use various types of technique in order to diagnose the patient. Besides it has various types of variant, other factor that makes this type of tumor is difficult to diagnose is that because it could mimic other malignant and benign conditions. Doctor might ask the patient to get imaging test such as MRI, CT scan, or X-ray in order to diagnose this tumor. In order to determine the cell type, the doctor might need to retrieve tumor tissue using a biopsy. Common misdiagnoses for this type of tumor are including fibrous pleurisy, pleural liposarcoma, fibrosarcoma, localized fibrous tumor, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. With proper diagnose, the doctor might find this type of tumor in more effective way.
Symptoms and Treatments
The symptoms of sarcomatoid mesothelioma are basically similar to the symptoms of other mesothelioma cell types. These symptoms are including weight loss, shortness of breath, and weakness. Other symptoms that might appear are including pain, anorexia, abdominal fullness, and nausea. The treatments for this type of tumor may vary, depends on the location and the stage of the tumor. The primary treatment options are including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. These days, there are several health institutes that offer programs in order to provide more treatment options for this type of tumor.