There are various types of health problems and diseases that are known these days. One of the most common types of health problems that are known these days is diabetes. Diabetes could occur in anybody from children to adults. It could occur in men and women. The main cause of diabetes is unhealthy lifestyle. Usually, when you have diabetes, you might also have other health issues as well. One of the most common health issues that appear along with diabetes is high blood sugar or also known as hyperglycemia. Just like diabetes, hyperglycemia also could be recognized through several types of symptoms. Knowing the symptoms of high blood sugar will allow you to treat this condition in more effective way. Basically, there are two types of hyperglycemia that are known, fasting hyperglycemia and after-meal or postprandial hyperglycemia.
Even though there are two types of hyperglycemia, the symptoms of both types are similar. Before you learn about the symptoms of hyperglycemia, it’s better for you to know several important details about the causes of this health condition. Basically, there are various factors that might cause hyperglycemia in diabetes. One of the most common causes of hyperglycemia in diabetes is forgetting your insulin or skipping your oral medicine. If you forget to take your insulin, you might have hyperglycemia since the blood sugar will rise easily. Other common causes of hyperglycemia in diabetes are including infection, illness, increased stress, decreased exercises or activity, and eating too many foods with high amount of carbohydrate. Once you’ve known the causes of hyperglycemia, it will be easier for you to recognize the symptoms of high blood sugar in diabetes.
The symptoms of hyperglycemia are basically quite similar to the symptoms of diabetes. Based on its level, hyperglycemia might be categorized into three levels, mild hyperglycemia, moderate hyperglycemia, and severe hyperglycemia. Each level might show different symptoms. The symptoms in mild hyperglycemia might be a little bit different to the symptoms in moderate or severe hyperglycemia. One of the most common symptoms in mild hyperglycemia is increased thirst. When the blood sugar rises, people with diabetes will feel thirsty easily. The next symptom in mild hyperglycemia is increased urination. Since you feel thirsty easily, you will drink more water which causes increased urination. Weight loss and fatigue are also considered as common symptoms of high blood sugar in mild level. If you lose your weight or suddenly feel tired easily, you might have hyperglycemia.
Other symptoms of mild hyperglycemia are including increased appetite, dry mouth, and dry skin. Dry mouth and dry skin are basically caused by dehydration which is considered as the effect of high level of blood sugar. Moderate to severe hyperglycemia might show different symptoms from mild hyperglycemia. Blurred vision and extreme thirst are considered as two of the most common symptoms of high blood sugar in moderate or severe level. Other symptoms that might appear in moderate to severe hyperglycemia are including lightheadedness, dry skin, drowsiness, restlessness, difficulty waking up, rapid breathing, weak pulse, fast heart rate, fruity breath odor, belly pain and vomiting. Loss of appetite, slow-healing sores, and intestinal problems are also considered as common symptoms in moderate to severe hyperglycemia.